José Luis Salas-Herrera


Si bien las teorías corpóreas permiten enfocar de manera novedosa la relación entre cognición, cuerpo y contexto al proponer interacciones directas entre los sistemas sensorio-motores y la representación (simulación) del significado, la evidencia empírica de estudios conductuales y neurocognitivos ha tendido a con­centrarse en adultos jóvenes, dejando de lado etapas como la adultez mayor. Para que dichas teorías puedan ser consideradas teorías de la cognición, y del lenguaje en particular, requieren de su exploración y validación a lo largo de todo el ciclo vital. En este sentido, la población mayor representa un contexto favorable para el contraste de las propuestas corpóreas, debido a que los declives en los sistemas sensorio-motores podrían afectar, directamente, el procesamiento de frases que contengan un contenido semántico desafiante desde el punto de vista de los pa­rámetros neurales implicados (Gallese y Lakoff, 2005). Este artículo subraya la importancia de investigar los procesos de envejecimiento desde una perspectiva corpórea, lo que podría contribuir al desarrollo de tecnologías útiles en el campo del envejecimiento normal y patológico, tanto a nivel cognitivo como corporal y social.

Palabras clave

Corporeidad; envejecimiento; esfuerzo; lenguaje de acción; contrafactuales

Texto completo:



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