LENGUAJE Y ENVEJECIMIENTO DESDE UNA PERSPECTIVA CORPÓREA

José Luis Salas-Herrera

Resumen


Si bien las teorías corpóreas permiten enfocar de manera novedosa la relación entre cognición, cuerpo y contexto al proponer interacciones directas entre los sistemas sensorio-motores y la representación (simulación) del significado, la evidencia empírica de estudios conductuales y neurocognitivos ha tendido a con­centrarse en adultos jóvenes, dejando de lado etapas como la adultez mayor. Para que dichas teorías puedan ser consideradas teorías de la cognición, y del lenguaje en particular, requieren de su exploración y validación a lo largo de todo el ciclo vital. En este sentido, la población mayor representa un contexto favorable para el contraste de las propuestas corpóreas, debido a que los declives en los sistemas sensorio-motores podrían afectar, directamente, el procesamiento de frases que contengan un contenido semántico desafiante desde el punto de vista de los pa­rámetros neurales implicados (Gallese y Lakoff, 2005). Este artículo subraya la importancia de investigar los procesos de envejecimiento desde una perspectiva corpórea, lo que podría contribuir al desarrollo de tecnologías útiles en el campo del envejecimiento normal y patológico, tanto a nivel cognitivo como corporal y social.


Palabras clave


Corporeidad; envejecimiento; esfuerzo; lenguaje de acción; contrafactuales

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Arbuckle, T. Y., Nohara-LeClair, M., y Pushkar, D. (2000). Effect of off-target verbosity on communication efficiency in a referential communication task. Psychology and Aging, 15(1), 65-77.

Bäckman, L., y Farde, L. (2005). The role of dopamine systems in cognitive aging. En R. Cabeza, L. Nyberg y D. Park (Eds.), Cognitive neuroscience of aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging (pp. 58-84). Nueva York: Oxford University Press.

Bishop, N. A., Lu, T., y Yankner, B. A. (2010). Neural mechanisms of ageing and cognitive decline. Nature, 464(7288), 529-535.

Boelens, C., Hekman, E. E. G., y Verkerke, G. J. (2013). Risk factors for falls of older citizens. Technology and Health care, 21(5), 521-533.

Buccino, G., Binkofski, F., Fink, G. R., Fadiga, L., Fogassi, L., Gallese, V., y Freund, H. J. (2001). Action observation activates premotor and parietal areas in a somatotopic manner: an fMRI study. European journal of neuroscience, 13(2), 400-404.

Buchman, A. S., Boyle, P. A., Wilson, R. S., James, B. D., Leurgans, S. E., Arnold, S. E., y Bennett, D. A. (2010). Loneliness and the rate of motor decline in old age: the rush memory and aging project, a community-based cohort study. BMC geriatrics, 10(1), 1-8.

Buchman, A. S., Boyle, P. A., Wilson, R. S., Fleischman, D. A., Leurgans, S., y Bennett, D. A. (2009). Association between late-life social activity and motor decline in older adults. Archives of Internal Medicine, 169(12), 1139-1146.

Buchman, A. S., Boyle, P. A., Wilson, R. S., James, B. D., Leurgans, S. E., Arnold, S. E., y Bennett, D. A. (2010). Loneliness and the rate of motor decline in old age: the rush memory and aging project, a community-based cohort study. BMC geriatrics, 10(1), 1-8.

Buckles, V. D. (1993). Age-related slowing. En Sensorimotor impairment in the elderly (pp. 73-87). Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Burke, S. N., y Barnes, C. A. (2006). Neural plasticity in the ageing brain. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 7(1), 30-40.

Burke, D. M., y MacKay, D. G. (1997). Memory, language, and ageing. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 352(1363), 1845-1856.

Burke, D. M., MacKay, D. G., Worthley, J. S., y Wade, E. (1991). On the tip of the tongue: What causes word finding failures in young and older adults? Journal of memory and language, 30(5), 542-579. Burke, D. M., y Shafto, M. A. (2004). Aging and language production. Current directions in psychological science, 13(1), 21-24.

Burke, D. M., y Shafto, M. A. (2004). Aging and language production. Current directions in psychological science, 13(1), 21-24.

Burke, D., y Shafto, M. (2008). Language and aging. En Craik, F. & Salthouse, T. (Eds.), The handbook of aging and cognition (pp. 373-443). New York: Psychology Press.

Cabeza, R. (2002). Hemispheric asymmetry reduction in older adults: the HAROLD model. Psychology and aging, 17(1), 85.

Caçola, P., Roberson, J., y Gabbard, C. (2013). Aging in movement representations for sequential finger movements: a comparison between young-, middle-aged, and older adults. Brain and cognition, 82(1), 1-5.

Caplan, D., y Waters, G. S. (1999). Verbal working memory and sentence comprehension. Behavioral and brain Sciences, 22(01), 77-94.

Casasanto, D. (2011). Different bodies, different minds the body specificity of language and thought. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(6), 378-383.

Connelly, S. L., Hasher, L., y Zacks, R. T. (1991). Age and reading: the impact of distraction. Psychology and aging, 6(4), 533-541.

Contreras-Vidal, J. L., Teulings, H., y Stelmach, G. (1998). Elderly subjects are impaired in spatial coordination in fine motor control. Acta Psychologica, 100(1), 25-35.

Correia, C., Lopez, K. J., Wroblewski, K. E., Huisingh‐Scheetz, M., Kern, D. W., Chen, R. C. y Pinto, J. M. (2016). Global Sensory Impairment in Older Adults in the United States. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 64(2), 306-313.

Dagerman, K. S., MacDonald, M. C., y Harm, M. W. (2006). Aging and the use of context in ambiguity resolution: Complex changes from simple slowing. Cognitive Science, 30(2), 311-345.

Danckert, S. y Craik, F. (2013). Does aging affect recall more than recognition memory? Psychology and Aging, 28(4), 902-909.

Dennis, N., y Cabeza, R. (2008). Neuroimaging of healthy cognitive aging. En F. Craik, & T. Salthouse (Eds.), The handbook of aging and cognition (pp. 1-54). Nueva York: Psychology Press.

De Scalzi, M. (2013). An embodied approach to language comprehension in probable Alzheimer’s Disease: could perceptuo-motor processing be a key to better understanding? (Tesis doctoral) Recuperada de http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/.

Fernández-Ballesteros, R. (2005). Evaluation of “Vital Aging-M”: A psycho-social program for promoting optimal aging. European Psychologist, 10(2), 146-156.

Fisher, D. L., Duffy, S. A., y Katsikopoulos, K. V. (2000). Cognitive slowing among older adults: What kind and how much? En T. Perfect & E. Maylor (Eds.), Models of cognitive aging (pp. 87-124). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fodor, J. (1983). The modularity of mind. An essay on faculty psychology. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Fozard, J. L., y Gordon-Salant, S. (2001). Changes in vision and hearing with age. En J. E. Birren (Ed.), Handbook of the psychology of aging (pp. 241-266). San Diego: Academic Press.

Gabbard, C. (2009). Studying action representation in children via motor imagery. Brain and Cognition, 71(3), 234-239.

Gabbard, C. (2015). Mental Representation for Action in the Elderly Implications for Movement Efficiency and Injury Risk. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 34(3), NP202-NP212.

Gabbard, C., Caçola, P., y Cordova, A. (2011). Is there an advanced aging effect on the ability to mentally represent action?. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 53(2), 206-209.

Gallese, V. y Lakoff, G. (2005). The brain’s concepts: The role of the sensory-motor system in conceptual knowledge. Cognitive neuropsychology, 22(3-4), 455-479.

Glenberg, A. M., y Robertson, D. A. (2000). Symbol grounding and meaning: A comparison of high-dimensional and embodied theories of meaning. Journal of memory and language, 43(3), 379-401.

Glenberg, A. M., Witt, J. K., y Metcalfe, J. (2013). From the revolution to embodiment 25 years of cognitive psychology. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(5), 573-585.

Glisky, E. L. (2007). Changes in cognitive function in human aging. En Riddle, D. R. (Ed.). Brain aging: models, methods, and mechanisms. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press/Taylor & Francis.

Greenwood, P. M. (2000). The frontal aging hypothesis evaluated. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 6(06), 705-726.

Hasher, L., Lustig, C., y Zacks, R. T. (2007). Inhibitory mechanisms and the control of attention. Variation in working memory, 19, 227-249.

Hortobágyi, T., del Olmo, M. F., y Rothwell, J. C. (2006). Age reduces cortical reciprocal inhibition in humans. Experimental brain research, 171(3), 322-329.

Just, M. A., y Carpenter, P. A. (1992). A capacity theory of comprehension: individual differences in working memory. Psychological review, 99(1), 122-149.

Kahneman, D. (1973). Attention and effort. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Kemper, S., y Kemptes, K. (1999). Limitations on syntactic processing. En S. Kemper & R. Kliegl (Eds.), Constraints on language: Aging, grammar, and memory (pp. 79-106). Boston: Kluwer.

Kemper, S., Thompson, M., y Marquis, J. (2001). Longitudinal change in language production: effects of aging and dementia on grammatical complexity and propositional content. Psychology and aging, 16(4), 600-614.

Kosslyn, S. M., Thompson, W. L., y Ganis, G. (2006). The case for mental imagery. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Lima, S. D., Hale, S., y Myerson, J. (1991). How general is general slowing? Evidence from the lexical domain. Psychology and aging, 6(3), 416-425.

Lindenberger, U., Scherer, H., y Baltes, P. B. (2001). The strong connection between sensory and cognitive performance in old age: not due to sensory acuity reductions operating during cognitive assessment. Psychology and aging, 16(2), 196-205.

MacDonald, M. C., y Christiansen, M. H. (2002). Reassessing Working Memory: Comment on Just and Carpenter (1992) and Waters and Caplan (1996). Psychological Review, 109(1), 35-54.

MacKay, D. G. (1987). The organization of perception and action: A theory for language and other cognitive skills. New York: Springer-Verlag.

MacKay, D. G., y James, L. E. (2001). The binding problem for syntax, semantics, and prosody: HM’s selective sentence-reading deficits under the theoretical-syndrome approach. Language and Cognitive Processes, 16(4), 419-460.

MacKay, D. G., y James, L. E. (2004). Sequencing, speech production, and selective effects of aging on phonological and morphological speech errors. Psychology and Aging, 19(1), 93-107.

Madden, D. J. (1988). Adult age differences in the effects of sentence context and stimulus degradation during visual word recognition. Psychology and Aging, 3(2), 167-172.

Madden, D. J., y Whiting, W. L. (2004). Age-related changes in visual attention. En P. T. Costa & I. C. Siegler (Eds.) Recent advances in psychology and aging (pp. 41-88). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Metcalfe, J. y Kornell, N. (2003). The dynamics of learning and allocation of study time to a region of proximal learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 132(4), 530-542.

Micco, A. y Masson, M. J. (1992). Age-related differences in the specificity of verbal encoding. Memory & Cognition, 20, 244–253.

Miller, G. A. (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological review, 63(2), 81-97.

Nedelko, V., Hassa, T., Hamzei, F., Weiller, C., Binkofski, F., Schoenfeld, M. A. y Dettmers, C. (2010). Age-independent activation in areas of the mirror neuron system during action observation and action imagery. A fMRI study. Restorative neurology and neuroscience, 28(6), 737-747.

Oliviero, A., Profice, P., Tonali, P. A., Pilato, F., Saturno, E., Dileone, M. y Di Lazzaro, V. (2006). Effects of aging on motor cortex excitability. Neuroscience research, 55(1), 74-77.

Pecher, D., Zeelenberg, R., y Barsalou, L. W. (2003). Verifying different-modality properties for concepts produces switching costs. Psychological Science, 14(2), 119-124.

Personnier, P., Kubicki, A., Laroche, D., y Papaxanthis, C. (2010). Temporal features of imagined locomotion in normal aging. Neuroscience Letters, 476(3), 146-149.

Personnier, P., Paizis, C., Ballay, Y., y Papaxanthis, C. (2008). Mentally represented motor actions in normal aging: II. The influence of the gravito-inertial context on the duration of overt and covert arm movements. Behavioural brain research, 186(2), 273-283.

Pichora-Fuller, M. K., y Singh, G. (2006). Effects of age on auditory and cognitive processing: implications for hearing aid fitting and audiologic rehabilitation. Trends in amplification, 10(1), 29-59.

Pulvermüller, F. (2013). How neurons make meaning: brain mechanisms for embodied and abstract-symbolic semantics. Trends in cognitive sciences, 17(9), 458-470.

Radvansky, G. A., Zwaan, R. A., Curiel, J. M. y Copeland, D. E. (2001). Situation models and aging. Psychology and aging, 16(1), 145-160.

Raz, N. (2000). Aging of the brain and its impact on cognitive performance: Integration of structural and functional findings. En Craik, F. & Salthouse, T. (Eds.), The handbook of aging and cognition (pp. 1-90). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Saimpont, A., Malouin, F., Tousignant, B., y Jackson, P. L. (2013). Motor imagery and aging. Journal of motor behavior, 45(1), 21-28.

Sale, M. V., y Semmler, J. G. (2005). Age-related differences in corticospinal control during functional isometric contractions in left and right hands. Journal of Applied Physiology, 99(4), 1483-1493.

T. A. (2000). Aging and measures of processing speed. Biological psychology, 54, 35-54.

Salthouse, T. A., y Craik. F. I. M. (2000). Closing comments. En Craik, F. & Salthouse, T. (Eds.), The handbook of aging and cognition (pp. 689-703). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Scialfa, C. T. (2002). The role of sensory factors in cognitive aging research. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psycho¬logie expérimentale, 56(3), 153-163.

Seidler, R., Alberts, J., y Stelmach, G. (2002). Changes in multijoint performance with age. Motor Control, 6(1), 19-31.

Seidler, R. D., Bernard, J. A., Burutolu, T. B., Fling, B. W., Gordon, M. T., Gwin, J. T. y Lipps, D. B. (2010). Motor control and aging: links to age-related brain structural, functional, and biochemical effects. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 34(5), 721-733.

Stebbins, G. T., Carrillo, M. C., Dorfman, J., Dirksen, C., Desmond, J. E., Turner, D. A., y Gabrieli, J. D. (2002). Aging effects on memory encoding in the frontal lobes. Psychology and aging, 17(1), 44-55.

Stine-Morrow, E. A. (2007). The Dumbledore hypothesis of cognitive aging. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(6), 295-299.

Stine-Morrow, E. A., Miller, L. M. S. y Hertzog, C. (2006). Aging and self-regulated language processing. Psychological bulletin, 132(4), 582-606.

Tang, P. F., y Woollacott, M. H. (1996). Balance control in older adults: Training effects on balance control and the integration of balance control into walking. Advances in Psychology, 114, 339-367.

Thibault, O., y Landfield, P. W. (1996). Increase in single L-type calcium channels in hippocampal neurons during aging. Science, 272(5264), 1017-1020.

Thornton, R., y Light, L. L. (2006). Language comprehension and production in normal aging. En Birren, J. & Schaie, K. (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of aging (pp. 262-287). Burlington, MA: Elsevier.

Ulfhak, B., Bergman, E., y Fundin, B. T. (2002). Impairment of peripheral sensory innervation in senescence. Autonomic Neuroscience, 96, 43-49.

Urrutia, M., Gennari, S. P., y de Vega, M. (2012). Counterfactuals in action: An fMRI study of counterfactual sentences describing physical effort. Neuropsychologia, 50(14), 3663-3672.

Varela, F., Thompson, E., y Rosch, E. (1991). The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience. Boston, MA: MIT Press.

Véliz, M., Riffo, B. y Arancibia, B. (2010). Envejecimiento cognitivo y procesamiento del lenguaje: cuestiones relevantes. RLA. Revista de lingüística teórica y aplicada, 48(1), 75-103.

Ward, N. S., y Frackowiak, R. S. J. (2003). Age‐related changes in the neural correlates of motor performance. Brain, 126(4), 873-888.

Ward, N. S., Swayne, O. B., y Newton, J. M. (2008). Age-dependent changes in the neural correlates of force modulation: an fMRI study. Neurobiology of aging, 29(9), 1434-1446.

West, R. L. (1996). An application of prefrontal cortex function theory to cognitive aging. Psychological bulletin, 120(2), 272-292.

Wilson, M. (2002). Six views of embodied cognition. Psychonomic bulletin & review, 9(4), 625-636.

Wingfield, A. (1996). Cognitive Factors in Auditory Performance: Context, Speed of Processing, and Constraints of Memory. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 7(3), 175-182.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.




Facultad de Educación de la Universidad de Concepción
- P  A  I  D  E  I  A -

ISSN 0716-4815 Versión impresa

ISSN 2452-5154 Versión en línea

Licencia Creative Commons
PAIDEIA, revista de educación de la Facultad de Educación de la Universidad de Concepción se distribuye bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.
Permisos que vayan más allá de lo cubierto por esta licencia puede solicitarlos al siguiente correo: directorpaideia@gmail.com


Política Editorial / Editorial Policy

Edmundo Larenas # 335
Concepción, Chile
Fono: (56)-41-2204312 - Fax: (56)-41-2226187